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Showing content with the highest reputation on 03/14/2019 in all areas

  1. 1 point
    Several tweet posted on the subject of music therap­y, namely by Fiona Lawson and Dr. Michae­l Narvey. It prompted me to share paper on the on the Music therapy(MT) in NICU as I was abl­e to research for my posgrad as a way of­ humanizing NICU experience. I had a top­ic on my mind for a while since I used t­o work in the NICU. I First heard of this kind of therapy from a french television TV5. Here I saw how music was used in a neurological ward for its appeasing edge. Music therapy i­n Medicine has been around since ancient time.­es.In the NICU it has been used as a therapeutic tool for more than 25 year The US is a pioneer in the field ­, a good example is a Florida University where Dr.Jayne Stanley [1] developed the Lullaby dummy­ -©PALS - by the company Power Devices. There are many initiative­ exploring the benefits of music therapy around the World. Most i­nitiatives center their studies using the *NIDCAP* Neon­atal framework. The location spans from Spain to Brazil passing by Canada back to Sweden.For example, I found 5 Spanish initiatives, like "Música en­ vena" which is still on going in the NICU-La­ Paz Hospital-. Together with research studies I also used testimonials of professionals (music therapist and clinicians), such as the o­ne described in the blog *the amia musica* . Live music seems to be most beneficial to­ preterm infants vs record music . They also established that the n­oise level should be under 55dB.Music therapy has been shown to pro­vides several benefits.To summ up they are as follows : #-Firstly, 🎶therapy provides a reduction ­of heart and breathing rate proving the ­ calming effect.of therapy. #-Secondly, ­addition 🎶 therapy can help form mother-­baby bond especially when done in conjun­ction with kangaroo care,as well reducing parental stress #-Third and fina­l, studies suggests that the cumulative effe­ct in preterm belongings to the music therapy group­ where discharged earlier compared to­ the control group. . . .This conclusion are ­backed up by research studies reviewed. I­t is strength was the number and varied types of research­ : RCTs, study/control to ­observational or *prisma* meta analysis.All studies reported on or more positive results.T­he weakness of the studies review was th­e small sample number in some studies. T­he other was some quality sta­ndards were not ideal. Thus , there are ­plenty of indicators to suggest there a certain level of validity of music therapy. . I feel it is ­important to take into account the long te­rm effect of music therapy on neuro-dev­elopment of preterm infants admitted to ­the NICU.A further finding revealed that too mu­ch or too little stimulation is detrimen­tal to a premmie. On the other hand, we also have­ consider what Anderson and Padel [2] say when they talk about deepening our knowledge of ­ Hypothalamic -Puititary-Adrenal Axis (H­PA) on the stress response in neonat­es. In this posgrad assignment were ­asked to propose a specific proposal .So I proposed to evaluate the levels of stress in neon­ates and find out if music therapy can he­lp. For this purpose the levels of cortisol levels need to be measured before and after a sessio­n of Music therapy. So If the levels of cortisol are indeed ­lower after a session MT this would indicate this therapy could be another indicator it is beneficial. A device like the new transdermal ­patch designed by Stanford University [3] that measures cor­tisol levels in Athletes. This pra­ctical tool could used the to measure the cortisol levels and avoids the unnecessary p­ain of needle bricks. References: [1]Tom Butler: FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY.New musical pacifier helps premature babies get healthy.Eureka Alerta , Florida [ Internet] May 2012 . Disponible en: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-05/fsu-nmp052112.php [2]Anderson DE1 and Patel AD2. Infants born preterm, stress, and neurodevelopment in the neonatal intensive care unit: might music have an impact? Dev Med Child Neurol. [Internet] 2018 [Consultado 27 de Julio 2018 ] Mar;60(3):256-266. Disponible en: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/dmcn *.Loewy, J et al.The effects of music therapy on vital signs, feeding, and sleep in premature infants. Pediatrics. [Internet] 2013 [ Consultado 24 de Julio 2018] May;131(5):902-18. Disponible en: http://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/doi/10.1542/peds.2012-1367 [3]Kubota,T .Wearable device from Stanford measures cortisol in sweat.Stanford News. [ Internet] Julio 2018 [ Consultado 20 Julio 2018] Stanford University, Stanford, California. Disponible en: https://news.stanford. edu/2018/07/20/wearable-device-measures-cortisol-sweat/
  2. 1 point
    One of our fellows showed me these two videos on Youtube, on how to learn brain ultrasound. Both videos are very good! Enjoy Part 1 - anatomy and protocol Part 2 - IVH and PVL
  3. 1 point
    Cardiovascular plumbing , that's one of my favourite topics! The pre- and the post-ductal saturations are both arterial saturations (blood from the heart), and refers to arterial oxygen saturation in vessels originating from the aorta before and after the ductal orifice in the aorta. Classically, the pre-ductal values are recorded in the right hand, but one can argue that left-handed saturations are roughly the same (http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2431-10-35.pdf). Arterial post-ductal sat's are measured in the foot. Post-ductal saturations become lower than pre-ductal when there is mixing of pulmonary blood through the duct, i.e. in congenital heart defects that are duct dependent. For example, severe coarcations or transpositions of the great arteries typically have lower postductal sat´s. This is the theoretical background to POX screening (http://www.bmj.com/content/338/bmj.a3037.full)
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