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Showing content with the highest reputation on 11/04/2019 in all areas

  1. 1 point
    For those of you having follow-up clinics with children born preterm and affected by BPD, check out these European guidelines. A very thorough document. In short, most recommendations (screen shot below) are graded as low or even very low evidence. So there are lots of room for good research! Find the full document here (and yes, it is available as open-access): http://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00788-2019
  2. 1 point
    @nashwa Would be great to hear the experience by for example @Francesco Cardona , I work in a NICU with ≥28w infants now. As I understand from level3 colleagues, nCPAP with relatively high pressures is the primary mode of respiratory support, and LISA the method to give surfactant, while nCPAP is ongoing. This is said to be a successful strategy for a surprisingly large proportion of the very immature infants (also ~24-25wk), but I don't have numbers or first-hand experience myself. I have even heard discussions that staff worry about intubation skills, and how those skills are trained/kept when only a minority of ELBW infants needs intubation and invasive ventilation. A new world!
  3. 1 point
    Hello. We use Insure on ELBW children. And we extubate them just after putting surfactant into lungs. We wait a little bit untis surf. is absorbed (by stetoscope). But it takes just little of time. If baby is breathing, extubate and put nCPAP. It all takes maybe 5 min.
  4. 1 point
    In Linköping we have developed a structure on how to do this in deliveryroom on ELBW less than GW28. It works pretty well if you manage to deal well with the logistic. Receive on the foot-end of deliverybed between the legs of the mother, put the baby in a nest covered by plastic, using a mobile Neopuff with humidified warm gas, Starting with CPAP only awaiting the respond of heartrate and spontaneous breathing, ventilating only if bradycardia, delayed cordclamping. Incubator Close to the bed, connected to mobile CPAP/Ventilator. If intubation immediate Surfactant instillation. We have planned to enhance it into all Babies less than GW32 (33?). Working on a video on it. Apart from a mobile neopuff, an incubator in Place and a mobile CPAP/ventilator you don´t need any extra equippment. But a well trained team and clear logistic is crucial (protocol). /Per
  5. 1 point
    I practice in two very different ICU environments, one delivery and one which is more of a med-surg ICU closer to a PICU than a NICU in many ways. I think the data are clear and many of the previous respondents concur that NaHCO3 in the delivery setting is at best useless. For the ELBW with anticipated renal losses NaHCO3 should almost never be needed because these losses can be anticipated and should be incorporated into nutrition to avoid the biochemical inevitabilities noted in the articles Stefan cited. I suppose I might use bicarb in the preemie population if I had metabolic acidosis and evidence it was effecting cardiac output and even then I probably would not correct past 7.2. However, in the case of the older child or the med-surg patient where some specific pathologic perturbation has led to rapid collapse and I suspect part of that mechanism is bicarb deficit, I would have no hesitation to rapid correct the pH. I have several times done this and watched the EKG improve in real time.
  6. 1 point
    Whatever side we take...the most important point to remember is that ventilation should be excellent when using Bicarbonate...if ventilation is not optimal...then the CO2 released from Bicarb in vivo goes nowhere and paradoxically leads to increased acidosis !!!
  7. 1 point
    According to ERC guidelines of resuscitation in the delivery room the aim of administering sodium bicarbonate during resuscitation is not to correct the blood acidosis in general but only to elevate the pH level as close to the heart as possible to make the epinephrine receptors more "reactive" to it.
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