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Stefan Johansson

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Stefan Johansson last won the day on March 31

Stefan Johansson had the most liked content!

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About Stefan Johansson

  • Rank
    99nicu Team
  • Birthday 06/20/1966

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  • Occupation
    consultant neonatologist, associate professor
  • Affiliation
    Sachs Children's Hospital
  • Location
    Stockholm, Sweden

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  1. Check this out: https://trends.hms.harvard.edu/2020/03/31/covid-19-separating-infected-mothers-from-newborns-weighing-the-risks-and-benefits/ @neobfmd thanks for sharing this as a comment in the blog by @AllThingsNeonatal
  2. Check out this comment by @neobfmd to the blog post by @AllThingsNeonatal and read the link provided (https://trends.hms.harvard.edu/2020/03/31/covid-19-separating-infected-mothers-from-newborns-weighing-the-risks-and-benefits/)
  3. This new paper just came onto my radar - on "State-of-the-art neonatal cerebral ultrasound: technique and reporting" in Pediatric Research. Great read! (and if those of us who cannot read, we can look at the pictures like the one below 😛 ) Open access here: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41390-020-0776-y
  4. I am guided by the vision that every infant should have access to evidence-based interventions. The principal idea to practice EBM in the NICU has been central for me to pursue many projects, also the initiative in 2016 that led to Neobiomics, a “neonatal startup” now under the wings of the Innovation Incubator at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm. The vision that all infants have access to evidence-based interventions also guided Neobiomics to develop ProPrems®, a high-quality probiotics product tailor-made for preterm infants. I am particularly glad that ESPGHAN recently acknowledged the combination of strains in ProPrems® (Bb-02, Bb-12 and Th-4) and that the high-end manufacturing complies to listed safety conditions. In brief, we drew the same conclusions as ESPGHAN in our review of the literature a few years back. Due to obvious reasons during the current Covid-19 pandemic, more long-term development of neonatal care is put on hold. We have therefore decided to provide ProPrems® free of charge to NICUs with implementation plans now postponed due to time constraint and shift in focus. We aim to provide a sufficient number of ProPrems® doses for use until May 31. The same offer is given to hospitals already using ProPrems®. Please note that ProPrems® is only available in Europe. Visit this URL to fill in the request form and I will connect back within 48 hours to discuss practical aspects further: https://proprems.eu/proprems-delivery/
  5. As the world deals with the Covid-19 pandemic, clinicians caring for newborn babies are all scrambling to come up with guidelines to handle babies who are at risk of or confirmed to have Covid-19 infection. We are also trying to personally stay healthy and avoid catching the infection. By sharing our resources and ideas we can make more progress than working individually. This free repository of information is offered as a resource for you and your clinical team. Please share any useful documents you might have.
  6. www.perinatalcovid19.org
    Dear Colleagues, 
    I want to share a website, www.perinatalcovid19.org (link is also provided above) that I have created. It has resources to help all of you manage the covid-19 situation we are all facing. I am open to suggestions on how to make it more useful to you. 

    K.S. Gautham, MD, DM, MS, FAAP

    Professor of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine

    Section Head and Service Chief of Neonatology

    Texas Children's Hospital

    6621 Fannin, Suite W6104

    Houston, TX 77030

    Tel: 832-826-1363

  7. The professional communication during the Covid-19 pandemic really shows the potential to share expertise and experience through web-based channels. Journals, societies, regular news media, social media platforms etc-etc play an important role for us to keep updated, and many web sites have also opened up their content free of charge. We will learn many things from facing and tackling this pandemic, but one major change will certainly be our communication channels. Many are discovering the web-based possibilities to learn and discuss. We will do our best to facilitate professional communication within the neonatal community. And, finally it seems that the company providing our software (IPB) will finally roll out a smartphone app. Which means that 99nicu will literally become available in your pocket through a "99nicu App". The screen shots below comes from the beta-version of the app now used by the company providing our software. And yes, there will be light-mode and dark-mode Stay tuned!
  8. New paper out today in JAMA Ped, a case series of 33 mothers and 3 newborns being positive for Covid-19 (i.e. 30 infants were tested negative) https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/fullarticle/2763787
  9. I can only speak for the Stockholm Region - healthy parents stay with us as usual (i.e. our family-based strategy is not changed practically), but we do not allow other visitors at all right now. If an infant is born to a Covid+ mother and there is a need of neonatal care, we admit the infant directly (i.e. separate directly). We regard the infant as healthy BUT room-in in a single room with the other parent if healthy, and otherwise with a healthy person assigned by the parents (like a relative or friend).
  10. From the European Paediatric Association today. On March 12, 2020, WHO announced the outbreak caused by COVID-192, a pandemic. Since its first appearing in Germany on January 20, 2020, reported by NEJM, Europe faced a rapid spread and escalation of COVID-19, and it is currently at the center of this pandemic. Other regions of the globe (North America, South America and Middle East) are currently experiencing a rapid virus dissemination and escalation of asymptomatic and symptomatic cases.Data summary Global outbreak situation as of March 23: 184 countries, areas or territories with cases; 270.000 confirmed cases; 11.500 confirmed deaths. In Europe, confirmed cases are 135.000 and 6000 the confirmed death (WHO data).Major symptoms: The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but do not develop any symptoms and don't feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Common signs of disease include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties with pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and kidney failure. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.COVID-19 Incubation period: WHO reports that most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days. These estimates will be updated as more data become available.Coronavirus infection in children: Children seems rarely infected. A comprehensive study of the COVID-19 infection in Chinese children (Dong Y et al. Pediatrics, 2020) shows that over 2145 total cases over 90% were asymptomatic, mild or moderate, with only one death reported, due to lethality of the infection - defined as the number of deaths divided by the total of cases - which is <0.05% for those under 18 years of age. The report is consistent with those from Europe. On March 19, the Italian Society of pediatrics issued a report from Italy, which is currently the European country most severely hit by the epidemic, showing that only 330 cases of COVID-19 infected children are reported in this country, mostly >6 year old individuals showing mild symptoms.COVID-19 and pregnancy: According to the CDC, there is insufficient data at this time to know whether pregnant women are at increased risk for adverse health outcomes if infected by the novel coronavirus as compared to non-pregnant people. A WHO-China Joint Mission investigation of 147 pregnant women in China with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 found that 8% had severe disease and 1% were in critical condition (14% severe, 6% critical for the overall population). In a small study of pregnant women in Wuhan, China, the clinical characteristics and severity of COVID-19 also appeared similar between pregnant and non-pregnant women. That said, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) issued a statement that “pregnant women may be at higher risk of severe illness, morbidity, or mortality compared with the general population,” likely due to physiologic changes that happen during pregnancy, and because pregnancy constitutes a state of relative immunosuppression as compared to non-pregnancy.COVID-19 transmission during pregnancy and breastfeeding: Data are also lacking about whether pregnant women infected by the novel coronavirus can pass it to their fetuses across the placenta during pregnancy, called “vertical transmission.” ,Current data exclude this possibility. Several small studies of pregnant women infected with the novel coronavirus found no evidence of vertical transmission, as none of their infants tested positive at birth, and the virus was not detected in samples of the amniotic fluid, umbilical cord blood or placental tissue (Zhu et al. 2020; Chen et al. 2020; Chen et al. 2020; Zhang et al. 2020; Li et al. 2020). However, a few cases of newborns infected by the novel coronavirus have been reported, and it remains unclear if they were infected before, during or after delivery (Qiao, 2020; Murphy, 2020). There is no evidence to date to suggest the novel coronavirus can pass to infants through breast-milk. To this regard, the US CDC has issued precautionary guidance for women with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 who are also breastfeeding. Adverse health outcomes have been found in infants born to mothers affected by COVID-19, including respiratory distress, premature labor, and even death. However, it is unclear whether these adverse outcomes are related or not to the COVID-19 infection in their mothers. Meanwhile, guidance published by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RCOG) suggests there is no data yet linking COVID-19 with an increased risk of pregnancy loss. As for maternal outcomes, some initial evidence indicates outcomes are similar between women with and without COVID-19, however other studies show symptom severity in pregnancy varies from asymptomatic to life-threatening. As the outbreak continues, more data on maternal and neonatal outcomes will likely come forward.Getting ready to contrast the epidemic in Europe: The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has activated its highest alert level. This involves getting clinical sites and diagnostics labs ready to deal with cases on European soil and researchers from various institutions discuss the research questions including the best treatment strategies for patients. Sharing and aligning activities at European and international level in the area of public health emergency preparedness adds value to the efforts of single countries to strengthen their capacities and ensure coordinated and effective support when faced with cross-border health threatsWhat to do: All governments worldwide have applied restriction measures. Clinicians should be vigilant for international travelers who show respiratory symptoms and take infection-control precautions with people who may be infected. They should collect nasopharyngeal, nasal, throat swab and lower respiratory tract specimens from these patients and consider saving urine, stool, serum and respiratory pathology specimen. However, all individuals showing symptom suggesting a coronavirus infection must be tested. Clinicians should notify infection control, state and location health departments immediately and report to the local National Institutes of Health.The use of protective masks: Remember, a mask should only be used by health workers, care takers, and individuals with respiratory symptoms, such as fever and cough. Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water Take the mask and inspect it for tears or holes. Orient which side is the top side (where the metal strip is). Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards (the coloured side). Place the mask to your face. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of the mask so it moulds to the shape of your nose. Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin. After use, take off the mask; remove the elastic loops from behind the ears while keeping the mask away from your face and clothes, to avoid touching potentially contaminated surfaces of the mask. Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use. Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [ Show in browser ] [ Unsubscribe ]
  11. I recently got this paper from @Ryan McAdams which may interest you, about pharmacokinetics in newborns (although the special case of hypothermia tx): https://www.hindawi.com/journals/arp/2020/2582965/ Also this paper may interest you: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29336388
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