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R. Hentschel

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About R. Hentschel

  • Rank
    Member
  • Birthday 01/15/1955

Profile Information

  • First name
    Roland
  • Last name
    Hentschel
  • Occupation
    neonatologist/pediatrician
  • Affiliation
    university hospital
  • Location
    Freiburg

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  1. I totally agree with you that a mixture of strains is required to get a protective effect - this is obviously also the result of metaanalyses. We have used Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium infantis as a commercially available preparation for several years now and my impression is that NEC has declined since then.
  2. For aspiration of gastric volumes we would use a smaller syringe (5 ml) unless you expect a volume of 20 ml or so. In terms of physics, I think you must differentiate between positive pressure and negative pressure. If you push the piston of a syringe forwards the force that you exert is pressure divided by diameter of the piston. However, the negative pressure that you apply is simply the amount of vacuum in the syringe. If you pull the piston back by the same distance (for instance 6mm) you get a higher vacuum and a higher negative pressure in a 10 ml syringe (with a bigger piston) than in a 2 ml syringe (with a smaller piston). This holds true at least for the situation, where the tip of the tube adheres to the mucosa. And that is exactly the situation that you have to avoid, because otherwise you perform an involuntary biopsy. I would prefer the smaller syringe and give the advice to pull back the piston very slowly. We have seen small point mucosal bleedings on gastroscopy in newborns that probably resulted from too big aspiration forces.
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