This September I had the opportunity to go to BAPM-EBNEO to kept Learning a out Neonatology and hopefully network with the EBNEO, so glad I was to see peeps face to face. This kept motivated to finish my PhD as I re-embark in find a new supervisor _only 1.5 yrs to go. I was real hard to let of the clinician in me as , this is my comfort zone. As a budding academic I get explore ideas and ways to implement them. Last year, I took a small detour as jr.posdoc and spent time studying system thinkin
Neurally adjusted ventilatory assistance or NAVA is something that has been around for awhile. Available as a mode on the Maquet ventilator it uses an esophageal probe to sense myoelectrical activity in the diaphragm and provide assistance with postive pressure when detected. This is supposed to be better than the more traditional Graseby capsules or sensing based on airflow. Conceptually then if a preterm infant had a typical mixed apneic event with a component of both central and obstructive a
Glucose metabolism in the newborn can be a tricky thing to manage. Neonates can have significant fluctuation in their serum glucose in the first few days of life which can lead heels to look like pin cushions. How many times have you been asked as a physician if there is anything we can do to reduce the number of pokes? That something may have arrived at least in a feasibility study that could pave the way for this becoming the standard approach to hypo/hyperglycemia in the newborn. This is an i
Many of you already know about my engagement in Neobiomics, a startup company now launching ProPrems® in Europe.
I was asked recently if there was a specific event that made me committed to close the gap between need and availability of a safe way to support the intestinal microbiota. Yes, there was a “Tipping Point” that I can share a few words about, without disclosing patient data.
The photo below shows the place in my NICU where a preterm infant stayed some years back, being well o
The story around cord management after birth continues to be an evolving one. I have certainly posted my own thoughts on this before with my most recent post being Delayed cord clamping may get replaced. Time for physiological based cord clamping. While this piece demonstrated that there are benefits to longer times till clamping is done, it also showed that if you go too long hypothermia becomes a real risk and with it possible complications. At least in our centre the standard that we have tri
To be sure there are fans of both HFNC and CPAP out there. I have often heard from other Neonatologists that they use HFNC and find positive results while other centres refuse to use it in favour of the tried and true CPAP. Turning to the literature you will find some conflicting results with some studies suggesting equity and others more recently favouring CPAP. There has been speculation as to why one would be superior to the other and now we appear to have some answers as to where the differe
I have written about non-traditional methods of providing surfactant to newborns previously. The practice of intubating a preterm infant to administer surfactant and leaving the endotracheal tube in with a slow wean of ventilation is mostly a thing of the past (at least in my units). Strategies have evolved and have seen the development of the INSURE technique, LISA methods, use of an LMA to delivery surfactant and even simple deposition into the pharynx all with variable success.
Just about all of our preterm infants born at <29 weeks start life out the same in terms of neurological injury. There are of course some infants who may have suffered ischemic injury in utero or an IVH but most are born with their story yet to be told. I think intuitively we have known for some time that the way we resuscitate matters. Establishing an FRC by inflating the lungs of these infants after delivery is a must but as the saying goes the devil is in the details.
If you are to read one paper on neonatal ethics this year, I'd argue that this is the one.
Late last year, John Lantos, pediatrician and a leading medical ethicist, published a review in NEJM on the ethics around decision-making in the NICU. The paper is not open-access... but you can surely get it from within your hospital intranet or your university/hospital library.
We have a fantastic toolbox in the NICU. We can provide live-saving treatments and support. Most newborns in the NICU
We have all been there. After an uneventful pregnancy a mother presents to the labour floor in active labour. The families world is turned upside down and she goes on to deliver an infant at 27 weeks. If the infant is well and receives minimal resuscitation and is on CPAP we provide reassurance and have an optimistic tone. If however their infant is born apneic and bradycardic and goes on to receive chest compressions +/- epinephrine what do we tell them? This infant obviously is much sicke
The metabolic syndrome describes the development as an adult of centripetal obesity, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, elevated blood sugar and low HDL cholesterol. These constellation of problems significantly increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and diabetes.
The origins of this syndrome may begin in the newborn period as previous research has noted an association with infants who are born SGA and development of insulin resistance later in life as in the paper Insuli
Last month I got a chance to day pass at ems2019 to get an update on hospital tranfer#picu by la paz and update on ilcor peadiatric resus by Dr Maconochiel who gave us an insight into how guidelines are elaborated -quite complex.I also the tech lover and intetact resus decives. The
Mechanical for compression in for fevices look impressive , and fumctional .I was suprised to see many there are available to date x adult use only.
My NLS Top medical devices -tried and tested
Recently the practice of keeping ELBW infants with a midline head position for the first three days of life has been recommended to reduce IVH as part of a bundle in many units. The evidence that this helps to reduce IVH has been somewhat circumstantial thus far. Studies finding that decreased sagittal sinus blood flow, increased cerebral blood volume with increased intracranial pressure all occur after head turns would theoretically increase the risk of IVH. Raising the head of the bed would
Since 2016, I have been working “off-radar” with a group of dedicated people in the startup company Neobiomics. I think we have pushed boundaries for thinking and working outside-the-box, and with only small financial support from ALMI and Karolinska Institutet Innovations.
As you are aware, the intestinal microbiota is a hot topic in the neonatal community. For several years I was frustrated about the lack of a high-quality bacterial product. I shared this frustration within my closer netw
Choosing to provide postnatal systemic steroids to preterm infants for treatment of evolving BPD has given many to pause before choosing to administer them. Ever since K Barrington published his systematic review The adverse neuro-developmental effects of postnatal steroids in the preterm infant: a systematic review of RCTs. and found a 186% increase in risk of CP among those who received these treatments, efforts have been made to minimize risk when these are given. Such efforts have included
The medical term for this is placentophagy and it is a real thing. If you follow the lay press you may have seen that originally this was promoted by Kourtney Kardashian who did this herself and then by Kim who planned on doing the same after delivery. See Did Kourtney Kardashian Eat Her Placenta?
This is not completely without basis as many readers will be thinking already that they have heard about the health benefits of doing the same. Reports of improved mood and reductions in the ba
Several tweet posted on the subject of music therapy, namely by Fiona Lawson and Dr. Michael Narvey. It prompted me to share paper on the on the Music therapy(MT) in NICU as I was able to research for my posgrad as a way of humanizing NICU experience. I had a topic on my mind for a while since I used to work in the NICU. I First heard of this kind of therapy from a french television TV5. Here I saw how music was used in a neurological ward for its appeasing edge. Music therapy in Med
This post is very exciting to me. All of us in the field of Neonatology are used to staring at patient monitors. With each version of whatever product we are using there seems to be a new feature that is added to soothe our appetites for more data. The real estate on the screen is becoming more and more precious as various devices such as ventilators, NIRS and other machines become capable of displaying their information in a centralized place. The issue though is that there is only so much
A recent post on the intranasal application of breast milk Can intranasal application of breastmilk cure severe IVH? garnered a lot of attention and importantly comments. Many of the comments were related to other uses for breast milk (almost all of which I had no idea about). A quick search by google uncovered MANY articles from the lay press on such uses from treating ear infections to diaper dermatitis. One such article 6 Surprising Natural Uses For Breast Milk certainly makes this liquid
Hypoglycemia has been a frequent topic of posts over the last few years. Specifically, the use of dextrose gels to avoid admission for hypoglycemia and evidence that such a strategy in not associated with adverse outcomes in childhood. What we know is that dextrose gels work and for those centres that have embraced this strategy a reduction in IV treatment with dextrose has been noted as well.
Dextrose gels however in the trials were designed to test the hypothesis that use of 0.5 mL/kg