It isn’t often I have had the pleasure of reviewing a paper from my own center (maybe because I have been reticient to critique my colleagues) but this paper I couldn’t resist. If my colleagues are reading this then I will provide a spoiler alert that I am not planning on trashing the paper. A few years ago my colleague Dr. Yasser El Sayed (who many of you will know from his work on targeted echocardiography and ultrasound and most recently on www.pocusneo.ca) began touting the benefits of vasop
I like projects outside my clinical and academic work. 99nicu was the first big project that came out in public from my "Department of Brilliant Ideas".
Since several years, I have devoted a lot of work for a project that eventually led to the startup Neobiomics, since 2019 under the wings of the Karolinska Innovations AB. Neobiomics provides ProPrems®, a high-quality multi-strain food supplement.
Entering the startup universe has been like embarking a rollercoaster journey. In many wa
After several reports providing reassurance to breastfeeding mothers, two very recent reports are giving me reason to pause. The Canadian Pediatric Society has been recommending breastfeeding if a mother has COVID19 with precautions in place; Breastfeeding when mothers have suspected or proven COVID-19. It would be heresy to suggest that a mother not be permitted to breastfeed her infant but what follows are two reports that at the very least may need to enter the discussion when a COVID19 posit
After developing a community of over 23000 people unfortunately I had to close my Facebook site due to concerns over a hack. Not to worry as I have created a new independent site to share information daily in Neonatology. I look forward to building an audience at this site and working to continue the dialogue I have come to enjoy with all the followers.
I look forward to seeing you there!
The New Site is at:
I doubt there is a unit in the world where at least once a day a discussion ensues about whether an infant is ready to wean or come off their CPAP. For many years we have made the decision based on a variety of markers. Some people would comment on the work of breathing, others on the FiO2 or what the oxygen saturations are at the moment as we round on the patient. Our unit has been pulling oxygen histograms off the patient monitor for years now to provide a more objective measurement to determi
Good morning or evening everyone!
As we move thorough these turbulent times everyone has questions about how this story will end. My experience with social media has been one that has been evolving for some time. Recently with so many questions about COVID19 I opted for setting up Facebook Live video sessions and although they aren't a visual question and answer session they do allow for people who are watching to make comments. One of my favourite sessions so far has been with Stefan fr
You might think this title is a joke but it is actually quite serious. Volatile organic carbons (VOCs) are what give stool it’s characteristic and often very malodorous scent. These same VOCs though could serve as biomarkers for preemies at risk of NEC. In fact previous research using an artificial nose has suggested as much. In 2015 de Meij TGJ et al published a study looking at VOCs entitled Early detection of necrotizing enterocolitis by fecal volatile organic compounds analysis. They used an
I had the pleasure of being asked to speak to a Canadian audience of people working with newborns yesterday about the new CPS practice points for managing deliveries and newborns with suspected or proven COVID-19. Something fascinating happened over the course of the discussion and that was that we are a country divided. It didn’t help that the week prior to the CPS releasing their practice points the American Academy of Pediatrics released the following position:
“Precautions for birth
This is another hot topic out there as centers around the world struggle to determine how best to manage the mother who has contracted COVID-19 in pregnancy. There are resources out there already such as the CDC which states the following.
The World Health Organization also has this to say as of yesterday.
The question though is where do these recommendations come from? How strong is the evidence?
Let’s begin with another Coronavirus
Do you remember SARS? This
The professional communication during the Covid-19 pandemic really shows the potential to share expertise and experience through web-based channels.
Journals, societies, regular news media, social media platforms etc-etc play an important role for us to keep updated, and many web sites have also opened up their content free of charge.
We will learn many things from facing and tackling this pandemic, but one major change will certainly be our communication channels. Many are discovering
We are living in challenging times but, as a community caring for neonates and their families, we will get through this together. Canadians and others around the world are digesting a great deal of information in order to come up with a best approach to caring for mothers and infants with either suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infections. It is an imperfect science for sure as we have scarce information to go on but you may find it helpful to look at what centres are doing in terms of their ap
This week on social media this seemed to be a hot topic. What should we do to protect ourselves as we start to see more mothers infected or at least suspected of having COVID-19
presenting in labour. Should we be assuming all of these infants are infected and if so should we all don personal protective equipment (PPE) including the N95 mask? Let’s see what we know so far.
The big concern with this began after a report of a 36 hour old newborn in China cont
Dear fellow Ph.D. students, full-time researchers, and other fellow scientists,
please #staythefuckhome. In many grant proposals, we write "this research has the potential to save lives, because... ". Let's face it- most of our research won't save lives (or at least not at once)*. No matter how fantastic our research projects are, science takes time. But what can actually save lives immediately is US STAYING HOME. This way we - the (relatively) young people in big academic campuses- won't b
One of the most common conditions afflicting ex-preterm infants is chronic lung disease. Through advances in antenatal steroids, surfactant and modern ventilation we have done what we can to try and prevent this condition from occurring yet despite our best efforts CLD remains a common problem among those born at less than 1500g as is shown in the 2018 Canadian Neonatal Network data.
Primary prevention is of course the ideal strategy to reduce disease but when you try and your best and an
A article that most struck lately:
This article by Dr. G.Moore et al researchers at the University of Ottawa, accessible #FOAM, give a good thoughtful analysis to whether chest compression & epinephrine cause more harm than good to V.preterm infants using 'principals' as an ethical framework aka the Spanish /French say does 'Encarnecimiento Terapeutico' a concept complex.
As I understand, away to explain it what happens when you go beyond overtreatment? When continuing treatment i
First off I should let you know that we do not do transpyloric feeding for our infants with BPD. Having said that I am aware of some units that do. I suspect the approach is a bit polarizing. A recent survey I posted to twitter revealed the following findings:
I think the data from this small poll reveal that while there is a bias towards NG feeds, there is no universal approach (as with many things in NICU).
Conceptually, units that are using transpyloric feeds would do so bas
Inhaled nitric oxide has been around for some time now. I recall it being called at one point in medical school “endothelial relaxation factor” and then later on identified as nitric oxide. Many years later it finds itself in common usage in NICUs all over the world. Our experience though has been for treatment of pulmonary hypertension and for that it is pretty clear that for those afflicted by that condition it can be lifesaving. Over the years other uses have been looked at including preventi
The new buzz word in health care is “innovation”. Which is a good thing!
I have been in the ecosystem of innovation since 2016 with the startup company Neobiomics and the ProPrems® product, in the Innovation Incubator at Karolinska Institutet (KI DRIVE). There we meet with other startup companies, and we share several of the challenges of operating in the interface between innovation and “traditional” health care.
Here's a few thoughts.
Innovation can only benefit patients throug
The Ortolani and Barlow manouvers are probably the two most requested parts of the physical exam that students ask to be shown. We line up several medical students who take turns applying the steps of abduction and then adduction, testing the stability of the hips. We routinely give oral sucrose, position in kangaroo care or breastfeed while performing other noxious stimuli such as heel lancing but at least in my centre give nothing for manipulating the hips in such a fashion.
How can we
After watching a documentary in ARTE about bacteriophages it made me think about how else is antibiotic resistance in NICU.? It available french / German
Here the story phages was told. First discovered use by Felix Derrel to combat infections in the pre-antibiotics era and was later discredited and forget about in the western world
Historically they worked rather well, so there is an attempt to bring them back in the light of increasing antibiotics resistance.
This rediscovery s
It’s been some time since I last posted here. Many things have changed in my life since then- the most important transition being my decision to move to Finland to work as a research fellow with the Baby-friendly Ventilation Study Group in Turku. The life of a beginning clinical researcher deserves a separate post here (it may even come at some point). To celebrate my first anniversary in Finland I would like to share 3 things I wish somebody had told me before I moved here. Enjoy!
Preterm 32 wks born by NVD. No H/O leaking PV or fever in mother. TLC on day1 was 48000, on day 2 was 62000, on day 5 was 35000. Had about 75% neutrophils, normal platelets, 5% metamyelocytes. Started on Cefotaxime and Amikacin on day 1. LP done on day 4 of life showed cell count of 600, all lymphocytes, protein of 187, sugat of 63mg% ( Pre LP RBS 92 mg%). Would you think of starting Acyclovir or treat as bacterial meningitis. CSF HSV PCR later came out to be negative. LP repeated on day 7 of li
Oral immune therapy (OIT) has really taken off at least in our units. The notion here is that provision of small amounts (0.2 mL intrabucally q2or 24 hours) can prime the immune system. Lymphoid tissue present in the oropharynx and intestine exposed to this liquid gold in theory will give the immune system a boost and increase levels of IgA. Such rises in IgA could help improve the mucosal defence barrier and therefore lessen the incidence of late onset sepsis. Rodriguez et al described this in