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rehman_naveed last won the day on November 13 2017

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  1. Excessive weight gain

    Hi Schumz i would suggest cut down the feed volume at which infant gain weight around 20-30g/kg/day, you can even cut down TFI to 130ml/kg/day but you need to titrate it gradually. First cut fluids to 150ml/kg/day and then 130 Any added fortifier needs also to be reduced. Keep this in mind that chubby babies are not healthy. Also diuretics have no evidence in BPD, so I would also discontinue them thanks naveed
  2. I would like to hear about "Evidence of evidence in NICU treatment and management" where are we heading, limited evidence for most of the NICU disease, all based on opinion based still in this century.
  3. IVH

    Hi Hamed Thanks for the comments. Sorry I forgot to mention the gestation age but you assume it being 23 weeker, DOL 2-3 days. 1. We usually put 2mmol/kg Na in TPN and about 1mmol/kg baby get Na via UAC having heparin saline in 0.45% saline. we also give K as well in 1mmol/kg dose. so it is very challenging to split both Na and K between acetate and Phosphate as we have to give some phosphate to this preterm baby. 2. It is new to me that you in Japan give immunoglobulin's to newborn if their level is <100, and also you mentioned albumin which we never give in our setting here in Canada. 3. Also usual recomendations for humidity for <30wks is 65-70% but we go upto 85% if Na is high but never above 85% as it get showers in incubator and it will then make overhead phototherapy ineffective and also chest electrodes will not stick to baby chest plus sepsis risks etc. Yes I agree management is mostly similar between Canada, Egypt and Japan. we do also TnEcho at bedside occasionally. Hi Tarek thanks for your comments. it is interesting to see the above mentioned guidelines. I think @hamed explained much detail on this topic. to summarize it in 2 lines, start at 80-100ml/kg, high humidity, frequently checking electrolytes, put as much acetate in TPN as you can, increase fluids in 20ml/kg as Y in D5, monitor sugar and tailor your TFI and dextrose.
  4. IVH

    Excellent discussion. Yes here in Canada it is true what you said. It's unique that your unit start TFI at 50ml/kg but it depends on gestation and others factors. My question to you 1. how frequently you monitor electrolytes and suppose Na is 151, urea is 12 and Cr is 86, urine output is 6ml/kg/hr, there is metabolic acidosis and child is on 80 humidity, 2. how do you increase his fluids and which type of fluids you use to increase the TFI. 3. how much do you put Na in TPN considering you have to give acetate for acidosis. 4. Do you keep the TPN to run in at constant rate and Y in D5 to make up TFI? I am curious to know your unit practice. Thanks naveed
  5. Work-Life Balance as a Neonatologist

    Thanks for this excellent post, being in level III NICU with 50+bed capacity, it is not quite easy to cope with but with careful time distribution one can relax as well and give time to family. This is how I distribute my time. If you are frontline person ( meaning first respond to L & D calls, code pink) then you have to be little quick. usually in morning we distribute patients according to team, usually 7-8 patients per person will get. they are mix with sick and feeder and grower. try to quickly through the patient , ask bed side nurse any overnight issue, check ins and out, do relevant exam and write your note, preferably before rounds as you may be called any time for c section or any delivery. once your notes are done, present your cases in rounds, we usually present case on our turn and no need to stay in whole round of NICU. once your patient are done, your work is done, now you are free, if any discharge of your patient, just quickly dictate, check at the end of week about discharge summaries if needed any update. now you can chat, relax and enjoy your free time. give handover at 1700hrs and go home. similarly if you are on nights , organize yourself . usually 2-3 patients needs your attention in night, rest of them are usually routine cases like jaundice, increasing feeds, check ins and out etc. finish your night rounds with the team quickly focussing on particular patients and thats it. get time to rest, read or whatever time you want to devote to research etc. This is how I distribute my time. hope it will help Naveed
  6. Hi there i would suggest that children and maternity hospital should be build in same tower. L&D and OR must be designed in such a way that both open in one room where newborn must be stabilized before transferring to NICU which ever floor it may be. isolation rooms not more than 4-5 as most of newborn infections are not usually need isolation unless you are planning to admit newborn from outside hospital in which case you might need more isolation room during RSV seasons. usually a block of 10 beds with direct assess from nursing station is must. most important is physician rooms, their lockers etc must be in same level. parents lobby, quite rooms for family meeting and also enough room for handover , eating rooms etc are all important . i don't know where this tower will be as it also depends on local NICU guidelines may vary also. regards naveed
  7. Persistent pulmonary hemorrhage in a preterm

    Thanks for update. 3mm PDA will never close by medication. Good that surgical closure decision was taken early. but make sure to have ENT to have look on vocal cords before discharge to rule out VC paresis even if everything goes well. regards naveed
  8. Persistent pulmonary hemorrhage in a preterm

    What is the Day of life now?how is the XR looks like ? I would treat with indomethacin before it is too late and we are left only with surgical closure .
  9. Antibiotic choices , please share your experience

    Use vancomycin if line sepsis is suspected and only if cs grow s epidermidis that is resistant to clox otherwise for LOS clox and tobramycin coverage is enough. Also don't use too frequent cefotaxime , it will create much problem in terms of resistant bugs. Use only when meningitis is strongly suspected and u can't do LP due to sick baby etc. we use meropenem rarely.
  10. Antibiotic choices , please share your experience

    Hi ayemen there is no universal rule . But to use meropenem as 2nd line is not at all allowed. but it all depends on baby condition. In case of septic shock , yes you can use big guns but for routine rule out sepsis ( most of NICU admission) don't change antibiotics unless blood cs comes positive and narrow down the antibiotics. it is very rare to grow gram negatives after 24 hrs of culture with modern techniques , so gram negatives should be discontinued after 24 hrs provided clinical and lab evidence are normal and then also DC gram positive later at 48 hrs. i hope it helps and answer your question naveed
  11. solutions for limitted resources NICU

    Do basic things like prevent hypothermia, hypoglycaemia, give oxygen, cover antibiotics, and above all strict hand hygiene. Don't be disheartened by high tech equipment of developed countries. Neonates also die here as well with severe PPHN, NEC etc Basic steps of resuscitation and proper ambu bag technique is all that necessary and then CPAP. Very rarely kids need intubation. Hope I answer your question
  12. respiratory distress

    Seems like pneumomediastinum